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tv   Parker Spitzer  CNN  December 17, 2010 8:00pm-9:00pm EST

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>> what do you think? open it to february. i want to test your mama grizzly knowledge. >> this is great, john. i am -- i mean, i used to have the "sports illustrated" swimsuit. >> who is that? >> michelle bachman. >> good for you. good for you. >> go to june. >> oh, june. i am so excited. april. when is june? who is that? i don't know who that is. >> there she is. i don't know. i don't know. jennifer aniston. >> christy nome from south dakota. >> oh, there she is. that's your favorite. >> jan brewer. i can tell you this -- >> "parker spitzer" starts right now. good evening. welcome to the program. i'm kathleen parker. >> i'm eliot spitzer. the candidate of change has become the president of the status quo. this may turn out to be a good week for president obama politically but it's a bad week for the principles he ran on.
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first he embraced the bush economic policy of tax cut as stimulus as he signed his tax compromise plan to law. and then issued a plan in afghanistan that leaves the door open for an unending overseas commitment. as yogi berra said oorkts deja vu all over again. the third term of president george w. bush. >> the cynical part of me says, well, he's just doing what's in his best interest. he's the president of self-preservation and he's tacking center so he can be re-elected in 2012. the optimist in me, the patriotic optimist sees him as moving center because that's where the country is. and he is trying to be president of all americans and not just his base. you know, eliot, people want solutions. obama did manage to deliver. he broke an impasse. >> i've been in executive positions. i know how tough it can be, but i also know that until you show some backbone, until you say i will fight for principle, as bill clinton did, before he would negotiate, nobody takes you seriously. you are being -- he is being circled like a lamb surrounded
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by wolves right now because he doesn't know how to play hardball. >> let me remind you of one reason barack obama was elected. he spoke about unifying this country. we weren't the blue, the red, wee wee weren't democrat or republican. i'm hoping when he steps up to the plate in january and gives his state of the union he'll redeliver that message. i will agree with you -- >> that's not why he was elected. >> yes it was. >> he was elected because he gave a beautiful ghazi speech at the democratic national convention which lutz know he was a beautiful orator. the reason he was elected is because he stood up and said president bush was wrong from n iraq. i was against it from the start. and he spoke forthrightly. >> that's why he was nominated by the democrats but not why he was elected. >> independents agreed with him on the economics and on the international issues and what he has done now by failure to
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communicate with the american public over the last two years is cede that territory. now he's embraced precisely what he ran against. >> you become so rational when he's losing. even democrats who say they don't like the tax cut deal like house majority leader steny hoyer, are now saying the bill will act like a second stimulus and help create jobs. with all this talk about taxes and job creation, where does the economy stand right now? >> joining us in the exchange tonight is one of the smartest economists in the world. jeffrey sach is the director of the earth institute at columbia university and a special adviser to the united nations secretary-general ban ki-moon. jeff, thanks for being here. >> my pleasure. >> here's the question. we have an economy that is growing a tiny, tiny bit. there is virtually no job creation. in equality is getting worse. is this tax bill the right thing to do for the economy? >> we can't afford it, obviously. we have a huge budget deficit. we have to start getting that under control. and they punted.
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basically both sides punted. the republicans only want tax cuts. that's the only thing on their mind. obama, the white house, they just want stimulus. and i thought we were past that actually. i thought that was what the last two years showed was do something for the long term but they went for the short term again. >> republicans see this bill as a stimulus bill. that's how they've characterized it. that the president got stimulus by extending the unemployment benefits. >> well, certainly inside the white house that's what they are saying. oh, look. we got the second stimulus which is what we wanted. but actually, both sides are so short term in this, it's unbelievable. we're wracking up debt like there's no tomorrow. this is $800 billion extra on the backs of the american people. it's almost $3,000 for each of us in america. what are we doing? when we are going to start looking at the longer term? and so i find the whole thing
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really disappointing and very perplexing. >> i'm with you. we're borrowing money from china to give it to the rich in a way that will not create jobs. what would you have done? what would you prescribe for the economy now not only to deal with the immediacy of the deficit issue, but also to transform the economy because we know every year we are less competitive, vis-a-vis our foreign competitors from china to india to brazil. what should we be doing? >> the thing that really struck me in the last couple of weeks it was only mentioned a little bit was this international comparison of test scores. american kids and abroad on 15-year-olds in science, math and reading. so in math, the united states came out 31st. who came out number one? shanghai, china. in reading, we came out something like 17th, if i remember correctly. who came out number one? shanghai, china. in science, we came out something like 20th. who came out number one? shanghai, china.
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what are we doing? if we don't educate the population if we don't help our kids get through high school and get through bachelors degree, how are we going to compete in the 21st century? you think tax cuts for the superrich is really going to be the way when we're wracking up the debts to china? our schools are turning out mediocre performance. our kids can't afford the tuition for college. we need to take a serious look at our long-term competitiveness and that's what we've not been doing. >> clearly, we need to allocate our resources in smarter ways. recently the president's debt commission tried to find ways to cut spending. where would you recommend they cut? >> first iwould get out of afghanistan now and now they are signaling something completely different, which is maybe we'll do a little bit, but 2014. come on. the generals are just playing this along year by year by year. this is going to be the longest war in american history. it's bleeding us, literally. it's killing young american boys
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and young american women and it's doing nothing good for afghanistan. it's costing $100 billion a year. our military budget is so bloated right now that congress is voting things the jernls are saying we don't even need because the lobbies are so powerful right now that we're spending $800 billion a year on our security sector. this is so overblown, it's also bankrupting us. so we should be cutting strongly there, but we should be investing more in education, in energy that would get us off of our oil dependency and get us off of our fossil fuel dependency that we have right now. we should be rebuilding our infrastructure for competitiveness. so we have to not just cut mindlessly, but the rich who have gotten awfully rich in the last 25 years and have seen their taxes cut, have to stand up and say, we're part of america, too. we take some responsibility.
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now a number of very rich people said in the last couple of weeks, tax us more. don't cut the taxes. if only they would be heard if only what bill gates is saying, warren buffett and others, they are saying these tax cuts are ridiculous because we have been the beneficiaries of this kind of globalization over the last 25 years. we don't want our taxes cut anymore. but there are enough greedy people who are saying there's never enough. so we -- they just keep taking. so we need the rich to be doing their part for america and they have to be helping our young people get through school and instead of being unemployed or being in afghanistan, they need to be in college. >> of course, the tragedy is that the precise investments you are talking about would have to be funded with the revenue that we just gave away in the tax cuts that the president conceded to the republican party without a fight? >> the thing that really amazes me and disappoints me from the first day of the administration. i supported barack obama as a
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candidate and i want him to succeed as president. he never laid out a plan from the first moment it was improvisation. it was that stimulus bill. i was against it then. i'm against the second stimulus. you can't run this country on a month at a time. you have to have a plan. and they have never had a plan from the first moment it's been improvisation. and both sides are in this conspiracy together. because all they are looking at is when is the next election and which campaign contributors can they pull in because campaigns are so expensive right now, everyone is dialling for dollars. everyone is trying to give tax breaks for their campaign contributors. and who is thinking about the united states, where it's going to be in 2015, where it's going to be in 2020. >> the areas that you suggest that we need to invest in, infrastructure, all these projects, this is the obama agenda. but what happened to it. and how do you -- these are all
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long-term distant in the future returns. how do you convince the american people that they need to do these things because right now they are worried, about as you say, taxes. they are worried about the jobs they don't have. it's hard to get people to focus on 20, 30 years down the road. how do you do that? >> set some goals. where should we be in 2020. how are we going to get there? because if it's just we need to make these knhanges they never appear in any policies or any budgets, they never appear in any plans, then we don't get it. >> jeffrey sachs, thanks for being with us. payback for the victims of the bernie madoffons. y scheme from on unlikely source. that's next. everybody is complaining about this bill and yet he's getting a lot of things in exchange. >> yeah, i -- he's getting -- everything he wants he's getting for a year. everything they want they are getting for two years. >> james -- >> somehow or another, that doesn't strike a lot of people as that good of a deal. i'm not surprised you think it's a good deal. with two pills. the morning is over, it's time for two more pills.
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chaotic week on capitol hill resulted in a supposed win for the president. so why is kathleen smiling? joining us now, james carville. >> hi, james. >> how are you doing? good to see you all. >> always great to have you here. i want to get this straight. today the bill sichk this ugly behemoth they call a tax compromise and i call a capitulation, nancy pelosi and harry reid refused to sign up.
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mitch mcconnell, the republican leader shows up. big buddy now of the president. i don't get it. what's going on. is the president now working closer with the republicans? is he completely ignoring the democratic party and our priorities? >> look, he has reality to deal with, and i don't know very many democrats that were very enthusiastic about this. people continually point out all the things that are going to help the economy are going to expire a year from now. democrats feel like they'll be going into an election year and the republicans, you know, intentionally, things like the estate tax go on for two years, which has absolutely nothing to do with jobs. and things that do have to do with stimulating the economy. so there's not a great deal of democratic enthusiasm. the president knows this but also has to deal with political reality. >> nancy pelosi doesn't show up and harry reid doesn't show up. isn't that acting a little bratty? why aren't they supporting the president? >> well, i think that they would say, and i -- support the
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president, we support the president on health care. we support the president on financial reform. we support the president on recovery act. we support the president at every juncture. we just didn't feel like that the deal that was negotiated while we brought it up and voted for it, was the best deal we could have gotten. and that's -- i don't know if that's being pet lent but that's their view and one can -- one can disagree with it but understand it. >> i think they did the right thing. i think what happened here now is the story begins to come out. the president did ignore the leadership, democratic leadership in congress. didn't bring them into the negotiation to assess how much strength he had because he couldn't negotiate a better bill. and the press -- his press secretary mr. gibbs is out there saying nobody has outlined better way to get a better deal. of course people did. all he needed to do was sit down with democrats and say we're going to play hard ball and force the republicans on christmas eve soto see if they'll vote against extending unemployment benefits. they wouldn't have done it. >> look.
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the general prevailing view is how do we know we couldn't get a better deal? we didn't try. we just came in. and as i said it seems like this thing was negotiated for manila was there was a lot of folding going on before we ever got that. that is a commonly held view that the white house has not beat back very hard. >> it's after the fact harping. i'm just frustrated what he's given away saul the money he needs to fund the important things for the next couple of things. >> look, i have sympathy for how you feel. but they would say, look, this is the best deal we could get under the circumstances. and to be fair to them, there some are people who think that president obama snookered them. i don't agree with charles on that, but -- >> he said it was -- he was the great swindler. he also says president obama is the comeback kid and that he fashioned out of -- that he fashioned out of thin air his return to relevance. what do you make of that? >> well, i mean, look.
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again, he looks like he's going to get this deal. it could end up getting a s.t.a.r.t. treaty and they're going to repeal "don't ask, don't tell." so just the way we all operate. ogee, obama took a shellacking in the election but came back with some major legislative accomplishments. >> so all things considered, james, it's not so bad. that's what i don't see. everybody is complaining about this bill and yet he's getting a lot of things in exchange. >> yeah, he's getting -- everything he wants he's getting for a year. everything they want, they are getting for two years. somehow or other, that doesn't strike a lot of people as that good a deal. i'm not surprised you think it's a good deal. >> james -- >> if i were you, i'd think it's a great deal. >> they are getting it for more than two years because there won't be the political will to raise those tax rates two years from now in an election year. so they are getting almost in perpetuity and the president is
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only getting the good stuff for a year and he didn't need to give it. >> we're doubling down on failure. these things didn't work before and they'll not work again. what we should have done is try a new approach to the way -- to taxation. and that might have worked. we know that this didn't work. this didn't produce any income growth, didn't do anything for the stock market. sure it helped people in the top 1%. that's about it. and we got to -- i hope the president will be talking about doing a different way, some kind of tax reform. let's let him see what he comes up with. >> james, i didn't mean to interrupt you. what do you thing president is going to do first of the year when he gives the state of the union address? what do you think he's going to say or what do you think he should say? >> i think he's going to come in with a proposal or two. i think he's going to -- i think he's going to have to put something on the table. are be very concil tory. there's a lot going on. last night, we were talking, and all of this is just -- this is
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just a preliminary. this is exhibition season. the big game is -- what's going to happen is they're going to start authorizing these spending bills on a two-month basis. and the big battle for them is going to be when it's time to raise the debt limit. that's going to be in april is what i understand. i'm not precisely sure. >> yeah it's april. >> so we're going to have -- this is all very, very preliminary skirmishing going on here. there's some sort of big battles here. and these tea party people have a ton of influence. and they showed it on the spending bill. i don't -- i can't see the republican house passing spending bills for very long. and i don't see them actually voting on major cuts. but they are going to have to do something to deal with a really invigorated right wing of their party. >> look, the president said something today that was very interesting at the signing ceremony. he said, look. the hard game is still ahead of us. when he was talking about the deficits that are going to be confronting us. and he said that's where the
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real hard bargains will have to be struck. some of us who think he hasn't negotiated awfully well are worried about what's going to happen especially because he just gave away all the money he would have needed to support the education reform and the infrastructure and sorts of things that you and i agree would actually lay the foundation for that economy. so he's digging his own hole deeper. at the very moment he's acknowledging the tough decisions are still ahead of us. >> the criticism, i think, that we would make is that we have blown almost $900 billion on pursuing failure. and if we -- and so people are going to say, gee, we can't do anything else. we just spent $900 billion. and the criticism, and you are hearing this a lot, is, you know, well, we are out of ammo. interest rates can't go any lower. we're almost at negative interest rate territory. and we should be spending this money better. that's the argument. and it's an argument that, obviously, the spitzer/carville wing of the party is somewhat sympathetic to.
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>> i'm honored to be your wing man. >> i don't think it's a liberal thing. i think it's just kind of common sense. >> i'm with you. >> moderate, liberal, conservative. there's got to be a better way. >> i'm with you. >> james, i agree with you. we're delaying the pain that is going to surely come. we've got to have more revenue. we've got to cut spending and do all those things and do them as a united nation. and that's why i was pushing you to see what you think obama -- president obama would say in his state of the union. how he gets people to face the harsh raelts of what we've got before us and how we're going to tackle it as a united country? >> exactly right. and look. it's something like 17% of the gdp in taxes in 24 in spending. hour numbers could be somewhat off but not by that much. the gap will have to close on both sides. so it's going to be interesting to see how he does and how the republicans react to this. it's going to be some fascinating times coming up in american politics because you
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got a lot of invigorated people out there. you have some tough choices on both sides. >> james, hold that thought. we've got to take a quick break. we're back in a minute. and if you can find a lower published price anywhere else we'll match it and pay you $25. book now and save up to 60% on hotels. only at priceline.
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we're back with james carville. i've got a question. the bizarrest thing happened last night when harry reid, who was the senate majority leader of the democratic party, of
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course, had the spending bill ready to pass the senate. pulled it at the last minute. the republican votes, they needed to get it through, disappeared. and then as we now know, we got a two-month continuing resolution that will carry over government finance for the next couple of months. having controlled the tax side, now are the republicans also moving in to control the spending side? >> elections have consequence. and the people in power, in the republican party. these guys are scared to be primaried. you saw that. the deal fell apart. already lost nine republican votes. and you are looking at -- i think you are going to see another two-month extension. and every time this comes up it's going to be a big fight. a big fight on the debt limit. you know, if people think that there's a lot of fighting going on in washington, wait until 2011. it's going to be continual. >> james, it's obvious that your upset with the president. a lot of democrats are. not quite coming out and saying it. what do you really feel about president obama right now?
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>> well, you know, i -- he's my president. he's the leader of my party. i certainly think it would be dumb for anybody to primary him. unlike governor spitzer and other people, i'm not particularly elated by this deal. not because of anything else other than i don't think that it's the most effective way to combat the worst economic recession we've had since the '30s. >> james, just to fast forward six months. a mere six months, the first republican primary debate will be held. i know. it's horrible to think about. and they are going to be about 40 people in the stage. is there anything in that great big, you know, herd of people that you think could present a real serious challenge to the president? >> this is going to be just a fascinating primary. i wish we could break it off and have like two or three debates. we can't. there's going to be so many. as it goes on, the field will pare itself down.
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the 2012 republican nominating process will be one of the great political events in modern political history. too many people. it's going to be too much fun. by the way, if palin doesn't run, i'm going to be nauseated. >> that's would be a great disappointment? >> it is going to be fun to watch. >> talk about symbolism for a moment. in the presidential race in '08, one of the most important moments, senator kennedy embraced and endorsed president obama. almost passed the baton and said you are now the face. here we are about two years later on this very day, the only remaining kennedy in washington is packing his bags to go home, leaving washington at the same moment the president obama who had been the -- ordained as the next voice of progressive politics is there with mitch mcconnell. who could have predicted that? is that bizarre? >> you know, people can't, you know, people can't predict a lot of things. i'll go ahead and predict there will be more kennedys coming to washington in the future. this is kind of, you know,
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interlude in the kennedys being involved in democratic politics. >> james carville, thanks so much for being here. >> always a pleasure. thank you. >> thank you kathleen. thank you governor. lincoln was not an abolitionist. he never claimed to be one but had a deep moral hatred of slavery and made that very clear. i think another perhaps difference between him and president obama is, you know, what everyone thinks about the specific policies, and you can debate idon't think obama has made clear where he draws the line. what is his bottom line? [ female announcer ] there's complete.
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time for the culture of politics. we just heard james carville complain about obama's failings. what was the historical perspective. when obama was elected, many were quick to liken him to lincoln. so halfway into obama's term, does the comparison still hold up? we know the best person to answer that question is eric foner, the author of "the fiery trial: abraham lincoln and american slavery." >> many folks don't remember that president lincoln also had
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a bad midterm election. >> absolutely. >> how did he react to it compared to how president obama -- >> 1862, the republicans suffered serious setbacks. they didn't lose -- >> 1862 elections are not foremost in most people's mind. >> was it a shellacking? >> it was a shellacking for the republicans. they lost key governorships like new york. lost legislature in indiana. lost many seats in the house of representatives. and lincoln did not change his view. many people said that's because you had said you're going to emancipate the slaves. some said you better withdraw on that, lincoln, because, obviously, people have reacted against that. there were all these fears. you freed the slaves. you are going to come up north and take the jobs of white people. lincoln did not retreat from his basic views because of losing the 1862 elections. >> one of the fascinating things about your book is it tells the story not many people -- i did not appreciate that lincoln was
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not the leader for most of either his tenure or certainly during the abolitionist movement of the anti-slavery argument. he was sort of brought along almost hesitantly and yet, of course, we remember him for the emancipation proclamation. >> lincoln was not an abolitionist. he never claimed to be one but had a deep moral hatred of slavery and made that very clear. i think another perhaps difference between him and president obama is what everyone thinks about the specific policies and those are, you know, you can debate. i don't think obama has made clear where he draws the line. what is his moral bottom line that he will not compromise on? all politicians have to compromise. there's nothing unusual about that. but lincoln and the secession crisis. even at the cost of perhaps war made it very clear i'm not compromising on the westward expansion of slavery. even to preserve the union, i am not doing that. and he's a pragmatic politician, lincoln, but he also makes it clear what he will and will not compromise on.
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i don't know that president obama has quite done that. >> in the south where i've lived a good part of my life, there's still a debate, still those who say the civil war was about state rights not slavery. can you give us the final word on this? >> i think most historians would say as lincoln did in his second inaugural, slavery was somehow the cause of the war. we've been debating that somehow for a 150 years. take away slavery, it's impossible to imagine the civil war taking place. states rights, that's an issue all the way through american history up to the present day, obviously on the health care issue and others. but -- >> it was about the southern economy. >> but slavery was the basis of the -- >> of course, of course. but they can claim states rights because it was going to be a threat to their economy and they were invaded. >> when southern states seceded and 150 years ago next week, south carolina seceded, they nead very clear. they said we are seceding because we don't trust an anti-slavery president. we don't think we're safe under the leadership of an antislavery. they didn't talk about states
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rights or the tariff. they said slavery is -- >> but even lincoln wasn't convinced that slaves deserved to have full rights. >> much of his life he didn't. he shared many of the prejudices which were very common north and south in that society, but i think the key to lincoln, and you know, obama is only in the second year of office. after two years, lincoln was not the great emancipator either. and he grew enormously in office and, you know, obama perhaps will do that also. but at the end of his life, he understood that black people of part of american society and they're going to have to enjoy the rights of free citizens. earlier on he didn't. and i think it's that process of growth that is critical. >> took longer for people to think that way about women, interest league. >> took 50 years longer for women to get the right to vote, as you well know. >> at least two of these trends, maybe conflicting, maybe not. it is that eflufgs lincoln that you describe. he drew rigid lines and said sheer the line in the sand. president obam amaybe he's
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evolved. he's not drawn any of those ridge itd lines that permit us to understand him better and permit people to support him. does that have to change for that to come out? >> i would like to see a change. i'm not saying he should become a total ideologue and refuse to compromise on anything. you aren't going to get very far. but he does need to communicate better what his absolute priorities are that he's not willing to compromise on, and lincoln did that all the way through the civil war, even though his views changed. and he was not for emancipation at the beginning of the war. by 1864 when people said to him, look. you may lose the election if you don't pull back the emancipation proclamation. he said absolutely not. we've made this promise. i'm not compromising on that. >> the tea party. >> right. >> the tea party today invokes our founding fathers and says if only they want to be constitutionalists if only people understood what the founding fathers wanted we'd live a different way. what would the founding fathers
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think about the tea party? >> i think they'd be surprised to hear, a, they were infallible or that they were divinely inspires as some people say. i think they understood that they were sort of creating an experiment. they did not think the constitution should be the same forever. that's why they allow it to be amended and they differed among themselves on fundamental issues. slavery being one of them. to say this is the original meaning of the founding fathers really is historically, you know, kind of very simplistic because the founding fathers held enormously varied views. >> let me be clear here ping you are bordering on heresy. your saying glenn beck is not the final word on the founding fathers? >> you know, he's a very effective tv personality, which is a good occupation, but i wouldn't put him in front of a history class. >> eric foner, thank you for joining us. >> the terms of the settlement agreement, she's agreed to forfeit a little over $7.2
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tonight our person of interest is bernie madoff. the perpetrator of the biggest ponzi scheme in history. federal prosecutors and the trustee of the madoff bankruptcy reached a settlement. madoff bilked at least $20 billion from investors. with famous names like steven spielberg. other less famous people who simply trust him with their money. today the federal prosecutor and irving picard announced a settlement of the estate with one of madoff's biggest investors. the widow of picower agreed to the largest payment in forfeiture in history. >> under the terms of this settlement agreement, barbara picower has agreed to forfeit a little over $7.2 billion. a figure that represents every last dollar of the picower's profit from madoff's epic fraud. >> as of today, we have jointly recovered approximately 50% of
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the currently estimated losses. >> $7 billion and it's still not all of the money. if you are wondering what jeffrey picower did with his profits, take a look at his palm beach mansion. he died of heart failure in 2009 while swimming in his pool. he made billions from his investments in madoff's scheme but there was no clear evidence he was involved. still, today's deal recouped half of that money. there are other tragic circumstances, of course, surrounding madoff's madoff's son committed suicide last week. the shamps father's crime and suspicion that lingered about the family drove mark madoff to take his life on the second anniversary of his father's arrest. >> you know what, kathleen. 50% of the money say beginning, but the families that were destroyed, the charities that were destroyed, the trust that was destroyed and this, of course, merry emblem attic of what went on when the market crashed, when, back in 2007, 2008, everything began to fall apart. lives were destroyed. real human tragedies there. >> no question about it.
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and even if you get some of your money back, you never are able to completely recover the sense of betrayal -- the trust really because it's a betrayal on such a -- not only is it money but you have put your faith in somebody and then you feel like you have been not only -- >> there's nothing left. >> you know it was no surprise warren buff whoet is this brilliant guy when it comes to human nature, as well as finance, he was talking about ponzi schemes and the way it works. you invest with me and because i'm pretending to give you a big return, even though it may be a game ineed to give you money back from stealing it from other people so you need an endless supply. warren buffett said when the tide goes out you see who is swimming naks. ponzi schemes fall apart when the market drops. that's exactly what happened here. >> when we come back, the health care bill may have passed but the battle has just begun. we'll go to the arena to follow the winding road that leads to the supreme court. stay tuned. >> diiet and exercise are more closely correlated to health
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care outcomes and taxpayer health care spending than the ownership of health insurance policy. so if anything, there's greater constitutional warrant to require people to join gyms and buy broccoli than to buy health insurance policies. [ male announcer ] let's take the holidays by the antlers... expand our toolboxes... and fill our sleighs to capacity. with all kinds of buzzing, roaring, and humming. with guaranteed low prices on all the tools you want, there will be more than tinsel glinting around our trees. more saving. more doing. that's the power of the home depot. we're lowering the cost of christmas morning.
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this week, a federal judge struck down a key part of president obama's health care reform law which says individuals must have health insurance. it could be from the government, from your employer or you can
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pay for it yourself but you got to have it. the court says the government can't force individuals to buy health insurance. it comes down to the commerce clause which gives congress power to regulate anything that affects interstate commerce. >> here to discuss much -- how much the law allows congress to do are two career court watchers, dahlia lythwick from slate and has a column for "newsweek" and ilya shapiro has filed two briefs on their behalf in virginia's lawsuit challenging health care reform. welcome to you both. >> ilya you agree with the judge? >> i do. because our constitution gives the federal government a certain list of finite, enoumerated powers. and if the government doesn't act pursuant to the constitution, then it is without authority to act at all. and here, if the decision not to buy health insurance is something the government can regulate, then there are no principled limits on what the federal government can do. >> and ilya's spoint important. that's the counterpoint of the
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judge's argument. there's no limiting principle here. if we say that we can force people to buy health insurance, can we also say we can force them to buy cars, to prop up the ailing auto industry. so this is the question that i think the obama administration is going to have to find an answer to going forward. what is the limiting principle? i would just say that for commerce clause purposes, for looking at the commerce clause, it's certainly the argument here, this is novel. it's not like any other congressional effort to regulate interstate commerce because you are forcing someone, so they say, to purchase something. and that's different from anything. >> to a layman like me, the non-lawyer at the table, that makes sense to me. let me back up to eliot's argument is well, we're forced to buy auto insurance. so -- and that makes sense to me, too. you have to buy auto insurance. >> driving is a choice. that's uncontroversial in the law. you only have to buy insurance if you choose to drive on public roads, which is very different from having to buy insurance.
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>> i would disagree with that later distinction. we are all part of the health care system. and the notion we can opt out of the health care system is a little bit of a canard. the moment we're born we are participate negmarket for health care. we're given inoculations. we're required to have certain inoculations and the question of how we pay for those inoculation that we benefit from and part participate is n is a failure point and an obligation we all assume and, therefore, we are part of a market just as we are part of every other market that congress has regulated through the commerce clause. i think dahlia you would agree. if this is different conceptually in some ways it's very much like the other areas where the congress has regulated from every commodity, every equity. the capital markets. the environment. food quality. congress in the new deal era and granted it may change. since the new deal era, congress has extend that apparatus to all of these areas. and there's a very solid foundation of commerce clause
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jurisprudence to support that. >> i think the point -- i think the important point is this is a dramatically different lawsuit. if you skad me in march when it was filed i would have said and court watchers would have pretty much agreed, 8-1 chance that this thing gets upheld by the supreme court because of the commerce clause has been used to regulate everything. >> but the -- >> but it's never been used to require people to engage in economic activity. not even during the new deal. there's a big case about regulating farmers growing their wheat and delivering it, meeting their quota. nobody had to buy wheat or become a farmer. this is different. >> can you give me a real life example of what you fear? what's a scenario that's feasible? >> studies show diet and exercise are more closely correlated to health care outcomes and taxpayer health care spending than the ownership of health insurance policy. there's great constitutional warrant to require people to join gyms and buy broccoli than a health insurance policy. >> i think harry reid is proposing that tomorrow. it was in the -- it's in the
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omnibus bill. >> the most amazing part of this symbol the vegetable centric analogy because ken kuchinell whoi brought this on behalf of the commonwealth of sergeant virginia, the attorney general made the point about asparagus. if the government can force you to purchase health insurance they can force you to purchase asparagus. >> broccoli is less likable. >> see the different vegetable producers lob gooeg get their vegetable to be the approved one. >> can we raise this to a different level? what is at stake here say pivot point in how powerful the federal government is going to be. and ultimately the supreme court is going to resolve this. these lower court opinions are interesting. they don't matter until the supremes get their arms around this and the supreme court is going to point us in a new direction or not. and this is where the sort of much more conservative constitution, by which i mean the members on the court right now will have their opportunity to say the past 50 years is being rewritten. that's why this is so important. >> i think it's a mistake for anybody to take this to the bank in any way shape or form.
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this is going to play out for a long time. >> it's going to be a lot of screaming and shouting and confusion until it gets to the supreme court. that will almost necessarily be conflicting circuit court opinions. the judges always say the magic number in this world is five. you need five justices to determine what the constitution means and whether or not it points to expansive power or not, is going to really determine our future on this. and it's going to be mayhem. >> it's important to see we're talking about in the last 60 years, two, three cases at the supreme court that have interpreted this. this has been a march of history. a march of -- this is how we regulate civil rights. this show we regulate environmental control. this has been on uncontroversial -- almost uncontroversial proposition for decades. the supreme court had something called a federalism revolution that seemed never to have quite taken off as revolution. but i think there were a handful of cases where the supreme court said maybe congress has overstepped in a handful of areas. but to say, to dramatically
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strike down a piece of national legislation on this principle, really say radical, radical return to -- >> now i asked him to give me a real-life scenario. give me one where if this is reversed and the mandate serks limninated and congress is denied this control, what happens? give me a real life example of what could happen? >> congress doesn't have the capacity to tell individual auto drivers how many miles per gallon their car can get. >> there's a difference between regulating the auto industry and requiring fuel efficienc and seat belts and telling you you need to buy a chevy because of our plan to bail out the auto industry. it doesn't work unless there's the individual car mandate. >> dahlia lythwick and ilya shapiro, thanks for being with us. thend of an raerks in washington. why capitol hill soon will be mission one bold-faced name for the very first time in a long, long time. . can i get in on that? are you a safe driver? yes. discount!
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do you own a home? yes. discount! are you going to buy online? yes! discount! isn't getting discounts great? yes! there's no discount for agreeing with me. yeah, i got carried away. happens to me all the time. helping you save money -- now, that's progressive. call or click today.
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hello. i'm joe johns. more of "parker/spitzer" in a moment. four gop senators now say they'll support a repeal of "don't ask, don't tell," and they have dropped their requirement that a key spending bill get passed first. republicans scott brown, susan collins, olympia snowe and lisa murkowski are expected to join democrats tomorrow to give them
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the 60 votes needed to move the legislation along. a crash of a drone in el paso, texas, is under investigation. at first, mexico denied the drone was theirs. then they admitted it was, quote, following a target. the mexican embassy in the u.s. said the device was being used in an operation with the u.s. government. los angeles police say so far they've identified five women shown in photos in the home of the suspected grim sleeper serial killer. leads have been pouring in after they posted 100 photos, 180 photos online yesterday. police are trying to determine if any of the women in the photos were victims of the suspect. lonnie franklin jr. was arrested in july. he's pleaded not guilty to changes killing ten women starting in 1985. and tonight on "360" at 10:00 p.m., 9/11 responders left in limbo. you'd think after touting the tirls work they did at ground zero, republicans would have no problem supporting a health bill for them. but that's not the case.
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we're keeping them honest. we'll talk with new york democratic congressman anthony weaner who is outraged over the delay. that's the latest. now back to "parker/spitzer." time for p.s., or postscript. today marked the end of an era as patrick kennedy, teddy's youngest son, packed his bags. the last kennedy still in office in washington, d.c. >> it seems unimaginable since 1947, when john f. kennedy became a congressman at age 29, there has always been a kennedy serving on capitol hill. >> it's not just their political dynasty that seems to be ending but also what they stood for. remember when teddy and the rest of the clan so memorably endoersd obama as the inheritor to their legacy. >> he also has an uncommon capacity to aphel the better angels of our nature. i am proud to stand with him here today and offer my help, offer my voice, offer my energy, my commitment to make barack obama the next president of the
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united states. >> i have never had someone inspire me the way people tell me my father inspired them. but i do now. barack obama. >> even though the kennedy dynasty started with money, lots of money, they were rich people with a conscience and they cared about public service as well as helping those less privileged. >> ask not what your country can do for you. ask what you can do for your country. >> what we need in the united states is not division. what we need in the united states is not hatred. what we need in the united states is not violence and lawlessness. but is love and wisdom and compassion toward one another. feeling of justice toward those who still suffer within our country, whether they


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